Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

to answer the question of What is the difference between iron, stainless steel, and cast iron we can say that Iron and ferrous metals are the basis for sections, iron, cast iron, and steel, and iron ore are the basis for the manufacture of steel
Pig iron is made by melting iron ore in a smelting furnace, while common iron, cast iron, and steel are made from pig iron, actually, cast iron and steel are alloys of iron
The most widespread of these products are ferrous metals, which account for 95% of the metals produced globally
Iron is a heavy, shiny gray metal extracted from iron ore
Cast iron and steel are also made from pig iron or iron ore, and due to the low price and high resistance of iron compounds, their use in various industries such as buildings, automobiles, and hulls of large ships is affordable and economical
Iron is used in the construction industry in the form of other steel profiles such as steel rods, iron beams, oil paint galvanized boards, corners, gutters, nails, bolts, etc
Iron ore is heated in furnaces to produce iron, steel and cast iron, which are then made into raw materials
Iron ore is a mixture of oxides, mineral salts, limestone, silica, aluminum oxide, etc
of this element

 Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

There are four types of stone that can be used in an iron furnace
1- Hydroxide 2- Oxide 3- Carbonate 4- Sulphur Magnetic iron ore with magnetite (68% iron by weight) and red iron ore or hematite (60% by weight of this element) are classified as hydroxides for metal production
Lime to brown iron ore, 50% by weight, classified as oxides
After the iron ore is extracted from the mine, it is crushed in a stone crusher and prepared to enter the furnace by performing special operations
Types of pig iron Carbon is the difference between iron and ferrous metals
The carbon content of iron also determines the properties of iron, steel and cast iron
Pig iron has a high carbon content, so it is brittle and cannot be hammered and rolled as it shatters on impact, and carbon also lowers the metal’s melting temperature
There are pig iron, pure iron and ordinary iron, and its carbon content is lower than that of pig iron
Common Iron (Iron) This iron contains about 2% carbon and is obtained by carbonizing pig iron and some iron scrap in the furnace
Its melting temperature is low, around 1130 degrees Celsius
Iron rusts in moist air, so it needs anti-rust treatment
Rusted and it has a protective coating, this metal has many uses in various industries, making industrial machinery and construction

 Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

Pure iron (soft iron – wrought iron) The carbon content of this kind of iron is only 0
Because it is mixed with some slag, it is fibrous and the melting temperature is high, about 1540 degrees Celsius, so it cannot be used for welding
Pure iron is flexible
And it has high tensile strength and high corrosion resistance, and pure iron is not used in construction, but in the production of cast iron and steel
Pig iron is divided into the following categories according to its crystal structure
White pig iron: White pig iron is produced by high-speed cooling of pig iron, and it is white because its carbon does not turn into graphite when quenched, and the color remains bright (silver-white)
White pig iron is used in the production of metal and steel
The content of silicon in white pig iron is low, the material is hard and brittle, and the section also has small and light grains
Gray pig iron: Gray cast iron is made from cast iron that has been cooled at a slow rate, it is gray because its carbon turns into graphite as it cools slowly and the color remains dark
Gray pig iron is used to make cast iron
The silicon content of gray cast iron is high, it is not brittle, it is softer than white cast iron, and the section also has coarse ash particles

 Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

Semi-gray pig iron: The material in this pig iron lies between white pig iron and gray pig iron and is used in the production of steel and hard cast iron
What is cast iron? Cast iron is made from pig iron, which is melted in special furnaces with some scrap iron to burn off some of its carbon, while impurities such as sulphur, phosphorus, etc
, which greatly affect its properties, are melted and the remaining is melted
metal is removed Also contains some manganese and is called cast iron
Alloys of cast iron, iron, carbon, manganese and silicon
Manganese hardens cast iron, while silicon converts cast iron carbon to graphite
The carbon content of cast iron is 2-3
5% by weight, and the type of cast iron depends on the cooling rate and the type of pig iron used in production
The melting point of cast iron is between 1420-1470k, which is lower than its main constituents, making it the first molten product after the simultaneous heating of carbon and iron
Cast iron is very strong, hard and brittle, and even white cast iron heats up
It can cause objects to break
Cast iron’s relatively low price and properties have led to its use in various industries
In the construction industry, cast iron is used for the production of water and sewer pipes, fences, floors, fittings, etc
properties of cast iron Like cast iron, cast iron changes from a solid state to a liquid state, and there is no paste state, so it does not have good hammering properties
Cast iron is hard and brittle, has a higher fire resistance than steel, and rusts slowly
For every 1 degree increase in temperature, the length increases by 0
01 mm
Types of cast iron Cast iron, like iron, comes in different types, and they all have high-pressure resistance

 Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

White cast iron: White cast iron is produced due to high speed cooling of pig iron, it is white because its carbon does not turn into graphite during the rapid cooling process and its color remains bright (silver white)
They use white cast iron to make small objects
The silicon content in white cast iron is low, the material is hard and brittle, and cannot be filed
The broken surface also has small and bright particles
Gray cast iron: Gray cast iron is made by cooling pig iron at a slow rate and it is gray because its carbon turns into graphite during the slow cooling process and it remains dark in color
Gray cast iron is used for the production of cast iron pipes, studs, window profiles, cast iron road coverings, cast iron grates, electrical accessories, etc
Gray cast iron is softer than white cast iron, its material is hard and brittle and has the ability to hammer
The broken surface also has coarse and black particles
Semi-grey cast iron: Its material is between white cast iron and gray cast iron
Hard cast iron: To make hard cast iron, the cast iron is heated, then the outer surface cools quickly, the inside cools slowly, so the surface is white cast iron, the core is gray cast iron, this cast iron wears slowly, from it is used to make pipes under bridge decks
Soft cast iron: To increase the impact strength of cast iron and make it ductile, white and semi-gray cast iron castings are heated with some iron oxide powder to burn off some of the carbon, reducing its brittleness and softening it
Use this cast iron to make door and window fittings, key locks, faucets, and other small items

 Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

Difference between cast iron and steel

Before going to the difference between cast iron and steel we better get to know the qualities of both
Cast iron generally refers to gray iron, ductile iron and cast iron, including castings with a carbon content of more than 2%

good swing
Abrasion resistance
good workability
low crack sensitivity
very low tensile strength
small stretch

This metal can only be used for some metal parts with moderate physical requirements
Such as protective covers, lids, frying pans, carts, frames, floors, hammers, small handles, bases, frames, boxes, knives, beds, bearings, tables, wheels, covers, pumps, faucets, pipes, cabins, engine blocks, etc
Usually use cast iron
gray cast iron In the higher grades, gray cast iron is able to withstand greater loads and has some hardness or corrosion resistance
This property of cast iron makes it possible to manufacture some important castings such as cylinders, gears, bases, flywheels, bearing housings, cylinder blocks, cylinder liners, pistons, gearboxes, brake wheels, connecting plates, intermediate pressure valves, etc

 Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

steel Cast steel usually refers to ordinary hard steel and alloy steel, which is a cast steel profile with a carbon content of less than 2%
Characteristics of steel

Design flexibility

The main advantage of cast steel is design flexibility
In other words, casting designers have maximum freedom to choose casting designs
This results in complex shapes and hollow cross-sections
Cast steel is very flexible and variable in industrial metallurgy
In fact, different chemical components can be selected according to different needs in the project
This property provides more opportunities to choose mechanical and thermal properties on a larger scale
It also has good cooking and kneading abilities


Cast steel is an isotropic material that can be used for the overall resistance structure of steel castings
This increases the reliability of the project
In addition, its design and weight, short lead times, price and economy give steel a special competitive advantage

Larger weight range

The weight range of steel castings is wider, so the molten weight of precision castings can be as low as tens of thousands of grams, and large steel castings can reach several tons, tens of tons or hundreds of tons

Mechanical properties

Steel castings can be used in many different conditions
Its mechanical properties are superior to other cast alloys and various high-alloy metals for special purposes
It is important to note that pressure vessel castings are subject to high tensile stresses or dynamic loads on parts
Steel castings will be the first choice in low or high temperature conditions where large and important parts are filled with critical parts

 Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

The difference between steel and cast iron

Corrosion and rust resistance

In terms of corrosion, cast iron has better resistance than steel
Of course, this does not mean that it is insensitive to corrosion
If left unprotected, both metals will oxidize and eventually degrade in the presence of moisture
To avoid this, it is recommended to apply a coat of paint to both metals

Ability to fall

Cast iron is relatively easy to cast because it is easy to cast and does not shrink like steel
This easy casting makes cast iron an ideal metal for building or decorating iron structures such as fences and iron street tools


The production technology of hard steel is expensive and the production process is very complicated
This makes it more expensive to produce than cast iron
Therefore, ductile iron has many disadvantages
Malleable iron is used in many areas, including pressurized pipes and fittings, automotive applications, agriculture, road building and construction planning, and general engineering applications
In all industrial jobs such as welding, machining, material engineering, etc
, the ability to distinguish between cast iron and cast iron is one of the most important topics in manufacturing
Iron: Iron is made of mild steel
The quality of this alloy is determined by low percentages of carbon and manganese
(less than 0
08% carbon and 0
06% manganese)

 Buy and Price of Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

Steel: Refined molten iron is converted into steel by adding a certain amount of carbon and alloying metals such as vanadium, chromium, titanium, manganese, and nickel
The maximum carbon content in steel is around 2%
Cast iron: Cast iron is an alloy of iron and carbon, typically 3 to 5 percent carbon and 1 to 3 percent silicon
Cast iron has a higher carbon content than steel
Cast iron is an important class of casting alloys
In the past, steel was described as an alloy of iron and carbon, but today, although some of the main types of steel exist, such as interstitial-free (IF) steel and Type 409 ferritic stainless steel, carbon is an impurity found in hundreds of It is no longer possible to describe steel as an alloy of iron and carbon within a few ten thousandths
Steel must per definition contain at least 50% iron and one or more other alloying elements
These elements typically include carbon, manganese, silicon, nickel, chromium, vanadium, molybdenum, titanium, niobium and aluminum, respectively
The melting point of cast iron is lower than that of iron
Cast iron is more susceptible to corrosion than iron
Cast iron is drier and less flexible than steel, and it is iron

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